Mercy Beatrice Awori is the Representative of Kenya and the Eastern Region, Council of the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Chairperson of the Air Transport Committee of the Council, and Coordinator of the African Group and FORUM. Here she speaks about the global nature of climate change
The historic agreement reached on the global market-based measure to combat aviation carbon emissions was a collective effort of all the stakeholders and regions. Notable milestones were achieved through bilateral and multilateral talks, the Madrid spirit and Friends of the President initiatives.
The final agreement was a delicate compromise under the leadership of ICAO Council President, Dr. Benard Aliu.
Africa, like all other regions, had a number of reservations. But in the spirit of compromise their focus shifted to the big picture and the greater goal, taking into account the global nature of climate change.
ICAO has the responsibility to ensure international aviation emissions are managed uniformly and CORSIA provides the platform
Africa’s global share of emissions is insignificant. However, its full participation in the scheme is desirable based on its growing population and industries.
Reducing emissions on the scale needed requires focus on all the available basket of mitigation measures, the Carbon Offsetting and Reduction Scheme for International Aviation (CORSIA) being significant. This, therefore, calls for a collaborative approach in the successful implementation of the scheme.
Environmental issues cannot be addressed and mitigated in a standalone way, but will have to constitute fundamental matters in global programming. ICAO has the responsibility to ensure international aviation emissions are managed uniformly and CORSIA provides the platform.
The significant work undertaken to establish CORSIA cannot be understated. It provides a harmonized approach to emissions reduction.
There is great commitment to CORSIA based on the number of African countries that have submitted their State Action Plans to ICAO
However, CORSIA’s success is dependent on the basic principles highlighted by Member States during the Global Aviation Dialogues—namely, simplicity, cost effectiveness, and environmental integrity.
The most fundamental aspect of any industry is its costs and revenue structure. With declining airline yields and a raft of pressing needs and priorities for governments, most African States are not prepared for a scheme that would further increase costs to the industry.
Nevertheless, there is great commitment to CORSIA based on the number of countries that have submitted their State Action Plans to ICAO and those that have expressed interest in the technical assistance programs being offered by ICAO and other development partners.
There is optimism that CORSIA will succeed on the basis of implementation rules that support the creation of right conditions that will allow as many stakeholders as possible to play their role in achieving sustainable development.
The SARPs, guidance materials, data collection tools, capacity building, and technical assistance will be among the critical elements for the scheme’s success. Consequently, the next steps of the implementation of the scheme will determine its progress.
In addition, through the review mechanism the experience gained and lessons learnt from the voluntary phase will also contribute to the progressive improvement of the scheme, which may minimise differences expressed by some Member States.